Water is the source of everything. Without water, humans will die, and without tea, nothing will happen. With the progress and development of human beings, more foods are discovered, and of course, various drinks are developed and gradually integrated into our lives. Maybe you are the one who wants to start a new day with a cup of coffee, or you just want to have a cold coke in the hot summer or start your dinner with a glass of wine. Everything tells us that you can’t be without drinks.
What is the most popular drink in the world?
The culture and customs of different countries make people show a clear preference for one or the other. In Asia, the first choice for drinks is tea; in the Americas and continental Europe, the most popular is coffee. Whether it is tea or coffee, it has become a part of human daily life, a form of life, and a manifestation of different cultures between different countries. With global economic integration, more and more people in countries of the Americas and Continental Europe are being influenced by tea culture, and people in Asian countries are also influenced by coffee.
Which came first: tea or coffee?
As far as the traceable time points in the existing literature are concerned, tea appears first. Tea was discovered in 2737 BC, and the earliest mention of coffee was in the 9th century.
The origin of tea happened in 2737 BC. It is said that Shennong tasted hundreds of plants to help the people distinguish the role of plants. One day, he was accidentally poisoned while tasting the plant. Fortunately, the tea juice entrance saved his lives. Since then, the medicinal properties of tea have been discovered, which is the origin of tea. In the history of Chinese development, the origins related to agriculture and plants are usually attributed to Shennong.
There are many legends of the origin of coffee, the most widely circulated is the story of the 9th-century Ethiopian shepherd Kardi. He found that there were always some sheep in the flock who were very excited, and they sometimes stood up and waved their front hooves to dance with people. After observation, Kadir found that these very excited goats ate red berries on the tree, so they did not want to sleep at night. Kadir informed the dean of the local monastery of the discovery, and the dean boiled it into a soup to drink and was surprised to find that this berry can keep him alert during long night prayers. So the dean shared this soup with other monks, and since then the vibrant berry soup has spread. But, this is a legend that did not appear in writing until 1671 and maybe forged. And some history fans guess that the “black soup” of the Spartans in the Old Testament and the “nepenthes” in the Odyssey that tried to drive away sadness and anger are most likely the names for coffee at the time. Therefore, no one knows exactly how the coffee was discovered, and when it appeared.
History of Tea
Tea flourished in China’s Tang Dynasty (4th-8th centuries), the tea ceremony was introduced in Japan in the 9th century, tea appeared in Europe in the 17th century, and American tea innovation in the 20th century.
After the tea was discovered in China, it was only used as a medicine and did not immediately become popular. In the 4th to 8th centuries, the tea market began to grow rapidly, and it was no longer used only as medicine. It has long been a casual drink for everyone in daily life, used for entertainment and refreshment. With the development of the world economy, the formation of export trade has created conditions for other countries to import tea, and countries have begun to introduce tea.
Japan introduced tea in the 9th century. At this time, Japanese culture began to develop and entered an independent development stage, so the introduced tea culture remained stagnant until the Kamakura Shogunate (13th century). Zen master Eisai combined tea culture with his meditation. The tea ceremony began to develop from the monk community to other regions. Drinking tea became popular in Japan. Coupled with Japan’s extreme research on tea, a more systematic ceremony was gradually formed.
The time when tea appeared in Europe was in the 17th century. In 1610, the Portuguese and Dutch began to import tea into Europe, but the British did not immediately fall in love with tea. Until 1665, because the new Queen of England loved to drink tea, which was imported luxury goods at the time, and only the rich could afford it. The tea-drinking method, which was originally only spread among the rich, was gradually spread to all classes after being imitated by ordinary people, and then formed a tea culture belonging to European countries.
As North America, which was once colonized by Europe, you can easily find tea. During the American War of Independence, it was no surprise that tea was being consumed everywhere from remote areas to cities. It is worth mentioning that the United States created iced tea and tea bags in the early 20th century. At the World Exposition held in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904, a group of tea merchant organizations provided free hot tea for everyone, but due to the hot weather, they had little effect. To promote business development, tea merchants added ice cubes to the tea, and there was a long queue in front of the tea merchants’ stalls, and American classic ice tea was born. Today, the United States annual ice tea accounts for 80% of all tea consumption.
It is said that the patent for tea bags was obtained in the United States in 1903, and everyone agreed that Thomas Sullivan was the first to make teabags. In 1908, Thomas Sullivan, a tea merchant in New York, placed tea leaves in tea bags made of silk and gave them to restaurants. The restaurants used tea bags to brew tea directly to save time. Teabags became popular in the United States.
Tea Drinking Method
Although tea was introduced from China, there are different ways of drinking tea in different countries.
China prepares tea by immersing the whole tea leaf in water, likes to drink hot tea, and likes pure and original flavor tea without adding anything.
Japan still retains the traditional method of preparing tea (matcha tea powder), but most of the time it is also the method of using modern tea customs or using tea bags. In the 13th century, China replaced the complicated traditional method of preparing tea, and adopted the modern tea custom method, simply steeping tea leaves without the need for an eggbeater.
People from all walks of life in Britain love to drink tea, which can almost be called the national drink of Britain. They love freshly brewed strong tea, and put one or two pieces of sugar, plus a little cold milk.
The United States likes to add ice to tea, which can immediately reduce the temperature of hot tea. Most of the time, people like to steep tea bags, which can save time.
In the trend of world culture, the cultures of various countries are independent and influence each other. After introducing tea culture, each country combines its cultural characteristics to form its way of drinking tea. The innovation of American tea bags is a typical representative. Of course, tea bags are also very popular in the tea market all over the world today.
Will Tea Replace Coffee?
The effective spread of tea has made it a healthy concept, and more and more people advocate the use of tea instead of coffee. However, the first thing I smelled in the morning was freshly brewed coffee; the way I survived in the 9-5 working environment was a cup of coffee. It is very happy to have a cup of coffee when you are exhausted. All in all, every cup of coffee consumed also takes away my troubles, in this respect, tea has no significant effect compared to coffee. It’s like in Asia, coffee cannot completely replace tea, but they can coexist. Under the trend of globalization, the world is a melting pot where all cultures coexist. We make a bold guess, will the world be unified in the future? When that day comes, various cultures are tolerant of each other, we can say that tea rules the world or coffee rule the world.